Rio Tinto Coal Mozambique holds mining and exploration licences in the Moatize Basin in the Tete province of Mozambique.
Rio Tinto Coal Mozambique manages the Zambeze Project (100 per cent); Tete East Project (100 per cent); Benga Mine (65 per cent); and the Zululand Anthracite Colliery (74 per cent).
The Benga coal mine was officially opened in May 2012 with first coal exported in June 2012.
Rio Tinto Coal Mozambique produces two types of coal - hard coking and thermal coal.
Thermal coal is also known as steam coal. It is primarily used to generate electricity in power stations. The energy released when the coal is burned is used to turn water into steam, which drives turbines that generate electricity. We produce low sulphur coal, which helps our customers meet their requirements for low sulphur dioxide emissions.
Coking coal is also known as metallurgical coal and is mainly used in making steel. It is a higher value product than thermal coal. Coking coal supplies both heat and carbon to the process that converts iron ore into steel.